researches the economic, social, and demographic characteristics
affecting the income and poverty levels of rural residents.
The research focuses largely on rural communities, but it
also covers specific segments of the U.S. population—children,
the elderly, single parents, and racial and ethnic minorities—who
are most at risk of economic hardship and who often receive
assistance from Federal programs. ERS research includes
comparisons of metro and nonmetro poverty levels, as well
as the implications of population change and migration.
Online Briefing Rooms
of key topics and links to ERS reports and data products:
poverty, and welfare. A detailed picture of the economic,
social, and demographic factors in rural income, poverty,
and welfare-program participation.
populations. Research covering household food security
and food program participation among Americans most at
risk of material hardshlp.
Race and ethnicity
in rural America. Overview of several critical demographic
and economic trends and characteristics of nonmetropolitan
Rural population and
migration. Factors generating demographic change in
different regions and types of rural areas, particularly
as if affects groups at greatest economic risk.
Rural labor and
education. Information and data on wages, education
levels, and employment/unemployment, a comparison with
metro areas, and the changing nature of job opportunities
in rural areas.
Food security in the
United States. Impacts of food security on the well-being
of children, adults, families, and communities, and its
relationship to public policy and the economy.
Amber Waves Magazine
codes. Classification of all U.S. counties by categories,
including persistent poverty, low employment, dependence
on manufacturing, and population loss.
County-level poverty rates.
State and county-level data for general population and
and median household income. State and county-level
data, 1997 to 2004.
and urban unemployment statistics. Rural and urban
employment and unemployment estimates from the Current
State fact sheets. Data on
rural/urban population, employment, income, poverty, and
education levels, as well as farm characteristics and
financial indicators for each State and links to other
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