2003 California Recall Election

California Digital Library


The 2003 California gubernatorial recall election was a special election permitted under California state law. It resulted in voters replacing incumbent Democratic Governor Gray Davis with Republican Arnold Schwarzenegger. The recall effort spanned the latter half of 2003. Other California governors, including Pat Brown, Ronald Reagan, Jerry Brown, and Pete Wilson, had faced recall attempts, but these attempts were unsuccessful.

After several legal as well as procedural efforts failed to stop it, California's first-ever gubernatorial recall election was held on October 7, and the results were certified on November 14, 2003, making Davis the first governor recalled in the history of California, and just the second in U.S. history. (The first was North Dakota's 1921 recall of Lynn Frazier). A common misconception is that Arizona governor Evan Mecham was recalled in 1988. However, he was impeached before this qualified recall election could occur.) California is one of only 18 states that allows recalls.

This archive consists of over 300 sites related to the 2003 recall election captured between September 16 and October 10, 2003. The archive includes official websites of the 135 candidates and the web sites of write-in and uncertified candidates where possible. Also included are political interest groups, major parties at the state level, and state agencies related to the election such as the California Secretary of State.

Further Information

Archived copies of web sites are made available six months after the date of capture. This delay is in observance of the Section 108 Study Group Recommendations for Web Archiving.

This archive was created with the Web Archiving Service from the California Digital Library. This service employs open source web archiving utilities developed by Internet Archive with the support of the The International Internet Preservation Consortium. The Web Archiving Service was made possible with support from the National Digital Information and Infrastructure Preservation Program and the University of California.

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